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Welcome to the Laptop Accessories Store---UK and US keyboard layouts


There are two major English language computer keyboard layouts, the United States layout and the United Kingdom layout defined in BS 4822[1] (48-key version). Both are QWERTY layouts. Users in the United States do not frequently need to make use of the £ (pound) and € (euro) currency symbols, which are common needs in the United Kingdom and Ireland, although the $ (dollar sign) symbol is also provided as standard on UK and Irish keyboards. In Australia, New Zealand, Canada, the Netherlands, Pakistan, Poland and China, the US keyboard might also be used.


(United Kingdom keyboard layout for a computer running Windows)


(United States keyboard layout)

The UK variant of the IBM Enhanced keyboard commonly used with personal computers designed for Microsoft Windows differs from the US layout as follows:

The UK keyboard has 1 more key than the U.S. keyboard (UK=62, US=61, on the typewriter keys)
The Alt key to the right of the space bar is replaced by an AltGr key
The # symbol is replaced by the £ symbol and a 102nd key is added next to the Enter key to accommodate the displaced #
€ is produced by AltGr + 4
@ and " are swapped
the ~ is moved to the # key, and is replaced by a ¬ symbol on the backquote (`) key; AltGr + backquote produces ¦
the key labelled "|" usually produces the "¦" symbol whilst the one labelled "¦" usually produces the "|" symbol
the \ key is moved to the left of the Z key
the Enter key spans two rows, and is narrower to accommodate the # key
Some UK keyboards do not label Backspace, Enter, Tab and Shift in words

On laptop computers, the | and \ key is often placed next to the space bar.
United Kingdom keyboard layout for a computer running Windows
United States keyboard layout

Early versions of Windows handled both the differences between the two keyboards and the differences between American English and British English by having two English language options — a UK setting and a US setting. While adequate for users in the United States, United Kingdom, and Ireland, this solution caused difficulty in other English-speaking countries. In many Commonwealth countries and other English-speaking jurisdictions (e.g., Canada, Australia, the Caribbean nations, Hong Kong, Malaysia, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Singapore, New Zealand, and South Africa), local spelling conformed more closely to British English usage, while the supplied keyboard was printed with the United States layout on the keys. People in these countries were forced to choose between a keyboard layout incompatible with their hardware, or having their spell checker software flag the British English spelling of words such as "colour", "centre", etc.


Since the standard US keyboard layout in Microsoft Windows offers no way of inputting any sort of diacritic or accent, this makes it unsuitable for all but a handful of languages unless the US International layout is used. The US International layout changes the `, ~, ^, " (for ¨), and ' (for ´) keys into dead keys for producing accented characters. The US International layout also uses the right alt (AltGr) as a modifier to enter special characters. Although there is no UK International layout on Windows, XP SP2 and above provide a UK Extended layout which, if activated, will allow the user to enter a wide variety of diacritics (such as grave accents) which are not accommodated by the standard UK layout.


(US International keyboard layout)


(Content is from wikipedia.org )








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